Groutability enhancement effect of oscillatory injection in cement-based permeation grouting

Byung Kyu Kim, Jeong Jun Park, Young Sam Kwon, Ghang Bok Jeong, In Mo Lee

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Cement-based permeation grouting is utilized in foundations and tunneling projects for waterproofing or ground improvement. The drawback of this method is that, because of the clogging phenomenon, the grout penetration depth is limited in most soil types. In order to overcome this drawback, an oscillatory injection method and equipment were proposed. Laboratory-scale oscillatory grout injection tests were performed with variation of the injection pressure, oscillation frequency, and water-cement (w/c) ratio. The enhancement effect of the groutability was theoretically studied using clogging theory and was assessed according to the Groutability Criterion. The results showed that the grout injection volume and penetration depth were increased by more than 30 % and up to 250 %, respectively, when utilizing the proposed oscillatory injection system. In particular, it was found that the enhancement of the permeation grouting that is due to the oscillatory injection is more dominant with lower injection pressure, oscillation frequency ranges of 5-10 Hz, higher vibration amplitude, and lower w/c ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberGTJ20170036
JournalGeotechnical Testing Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (Project No. 16SCIP-B066321-04, Development of Key Subsea Tunnelling Technology) from the Infrastructure and Transportation Technology Promotion Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government. The authors thank Samsoo Development Co., Ltd. (CEO, Young-Jun Choi) for their contribution to the laboratory-scale injection test and to the development of the oscillatory injection equipment.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by ASTM International


  • Cement-based grouting
  • Groutability
  • Oscillatory injection
  • Permeation grouting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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