Halothane effect on formalin-induced paw edema and flinching in rat

Il Ok Lee, Gregory Crosby

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    The formalin test is a model of injury-produced inflammatory pain. Anesthetics, in clinically relevant concentrations, affect neutrophils and immune suppression. This study was to determine whether halothane reliably inhibits inflammatory reaction and formalin induced pain behavior or does not. Rats were exposed to 100% oxygen (control) or halothane, respectively for 30 min and then 24 hr later five percent formalin test was assessed. The base values of the paw's diameter were obtained earlier, and then formalin induced edema was assessed by measuring diameters of the injected paws at 5 min, 1 hr, 4 hr and 24 hr after the injection. Nociceptive behavior was quantified by counting the number of times with the paw flinched at 5 min intervals for 60 min. The diameters of edema in the halothane group lessened more than those in the oxygen group at 1 and 24 hr in each following of the injection (p<0.05). The rats pre-administered with oxygen or halothane were similar appearances in nociceptive behaviors. It suggests that halothane anesthesia might inhibit slightly the inflammatory reaction with the formalin-induced edema but might not inhibit the formalin-induced pain behavior in the event of pre-administration halothane 24 hr earlier before the formalin test of rat.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)34-38
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Korean medical science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb


    • Anesthetics, general
    • Central nervous system agents
    • Diagnostic techniques, neurological, neurologic examination
    • Halothane
    • Pain measurement
    • Vertebrates, rodentia, rats

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine


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