Haze-Suppressed Transparent Electrodes Using IZO/Ag/IZO Nanomesh for Highly Flexible and Efficient Blue Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Ho Jin Lee, Bo Hyun Kim, Ashkan Vakilipour Takaloo, Kyung Rock Son, Tukaram D. Dongale, Kyoung Moon Lim, Tae Geun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-mesh (NM) structures have been employed as flexible and stretchable electrodes for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). However, high optical haze induced by NM structures should be diminished while enhancing the transparency and lowering the sheet resistance simultaneously for their practical use. Herein, a highly flexible transparent electrode is demonstrated using indium zinc oxide (IZO)/Ag/IZO NM structure to satisfy all these requirements without complex designs in NM structures. The proposed NM electrode shows remarkably low haze (<10%), high optical transparency (>90%), and low sheet resistance (≈9.4 Ω sq–1), together with superior flexibility. Moreover, the smart NM-based blue OLED shows characteristics of a Lambertian light source, with high external quantum efficiency (≈18.8%) and unprecedentedly outstanding bending properties. The experimental and theoretical analyses ascribe these improvements to the enhanced charge injection via conductive IZO with high work function as well as reduced surface reflection and diffraction of emitted light via anti-reflective NM structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2002010
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 4

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean government under Grant No. 2016R1A3B1908249. This work was also supported by LG Display under LGD‐Korea University Incubation Program. All data are available in the main text and supporting information.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • anti-reflective layer
  • flexible organic light-emitting diodes
  • haze
  • nanomesh
  • sheet resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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