Health indicators among unemployed and employed young adults

Alberto J. Caban-Martinez, David J. Lee, Elizabeth Goodman, Evelyn P. Davila, Lora E. Fleming, William G. LeBlanc, Kristopher L. Arheart, Kathryn E. McCollister, Sharon L. Christ, Frederick J. Zimmerman, Carles Muntaner, Julie A. Hollenbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Research on the prevalence of health indicators by employment status among young US adults is limited. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years to document the prevalence of five health behaviors (cigarette smoking, risky drinking, leisure-time physical activity, and fruit and French fries consumption) by employment status. RESULTS: Unemployed young adults reported higher levels of risky drinking and nonengagement in leisure-time physical activity, while employed young adults had higher levels of smoking, French fries consumption, and low fruit/vegetable consumption. Transportation/material-moving young adult workers reported the highest level of risky drinking (13.5%), and precision production/craft/repair workers reported the highest smoking rates (39.7%). Conclusions:We found an elevated prevalence of risk factors, which places young workers at increased risk for the development of chronic conditions later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-203
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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