Heterolayered, one-dimensional nanobuilding block mat batteries

Keun Ho Choi, Sung Ju Cho, Sang Jin Chun, Jong Tae Yoo, Chang Kee Lee, Woong Kim, Qinglin Wu, Sang Bum Park, Don Ha Choi, Sun Young Lee, Sang Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


The rapidly approaching smart/wearable energy era necessitates advanced rechargeable power sources with reliable electrochemical properties and versatile form factors. Here, as a unique and promising energy storage system to address this issue, we demonstrate a new class of heterolayered, one-dimensional (1D) nanobuilding block mat (h-nanomat) battery based on unitized separator/electrode assembly (SEA) architecture. The unitized SEAs consist of wood cellulose nanofibril (CNF) separator membranes and metallic current collector-/polymeric binder-free electrodes comprising solely single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)-netted electrode active materials (LiFePO4 (cathode) and Li4Ti5O12 (anode) powders are chosen as model systems to explore the proof of concept for h-nanomat batteries). The nanoporous CNF separator plays a critical role in securing the tightly interlocked electrode-separator interface. The SWNTs in the SEAs exhibit multifunctional roles as electron conductive additives, binders, current collectors and also non-Faradaic active materials. This structural/physicochemical uniqueness of the SEAs allows significant improvements in the mass loading of electrode active materials, electron transport pathways, electrolyte accessibility and misalignment-proof of separator/electrode interface. As a result, the h-nanomat batteries, which are easily fabricated by stacking anode SEA and cathode SEA, provide unprecedented advances in the electrochemical performance, shape flexibility and safety tolerance far beyond those achievable with conventional battery technologies. We anticipate that the h-nanomat batteries will open 1D nanobuilding block-driven new architectural design/opportunity for development of next-generation energy storage systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5677-5686
Number of pages10
JournalNano Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 8

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Chemical Society.


  • Nanomat batteries
  • cellulose nanofibrils
  • heterolayer
  • one-dimensional nanobuilding block
  • separator/electrode assembly
  • single-walled carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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