In recent years, several control policies for a multi-degree-of-freedom (DOF) manipulator using deep reinforcement learning have been proposed. To avoid complexity, previous studies have applied a number of constraints on the high-dimensional state-action space, thus hindering generalized policy function learning. In this study, the control problem is addressed by in-troducing a hierarchical reinforcement learning method that can learn the end-to-end control policy of a multi-DOF manipula-tor without any constraints on the state-action space. The proposed method learns hierarchical policy using two off-policy methods. Using human demonstration data and a newly proposed data-correction method, controlling the multi-DOF manipu-lator in an end-to-end manner is shown to outperform the non-hierarchical deep reinforcement learning methods.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the MOTIE under the Industrial Foundation Technology Development Program supervised by the KEIT (No. 20008613).
© 2022, ICROS, KIEE and Springer.
- Deep reinforcement learning
- demonstration-based learning
- end-to-end robot control
- hierarchical reinforcement learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications