Hierarchical End-to-end Control Policy for Multi-degree-of-freedom Manipulators

Cheol Hui Min, Jae Bok Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, several control policies for a multi-degree-of-freedom (DOF) manipulator using deep reinforcement learning have been proposed. To avoid complexity, previous studies have applied a number of constraints on the high-dimensional state-action space, thus hindering generalized policy function learning. In this study, the control problem is addressed by in-troducing a hierarchical reinforcement learning method that can learn the end-to-end control policy of a multi-DOF manipula-tor without any constraints on the state-action space. The proposed method learns hierarchical policy using two off-policy methods. Using human demonstration data and a newly proposed data-correction method, controlling the multi-DOF manipu-lator in an end-to-end manner is shown to outperform the non-hierarchical deep reinforcement learning methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3296-3311
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Control, Automation and Systems
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, ICROS, KIEE and Springer.


  • Deep reinforcement learning
  • demonstration-based learning
  • end-to-end robot control
  • hierarchical reinforcement learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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