## Abstract

This paper demonstrates the applicability of the recently proposed supervised dimension reduction, hierarchical linear discriminant analysis (h-LDA) to a well-known spatial localization technique in signal processing, beamforming. The main motivation of h-LDA is to overcome the drawback of LDA that each cluster is modeled as a unimodal Gaussian distribution. For this purpose, h-LDA extends the variance decomposition in LDA to the subcluster level, and modifies the definition of the within-cluster scatter matrix. In this paper, we present an efficient h-LDA algorithm for oversampled data, where the data dimension is larger than the dimension of the data vectors. The new algorithm utilizes the Cholesky decomposition based on a generalized singular value decomposition framework. Furthermore, we analyze the data model of h-LDA by relating it to the two-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), which fits well within the context of beamforming applications. Although beamforming has been generally dealt with as a regression problem, we propose a novel way of viewing beamforming as a classification problem, and apply a supervised dimension reduction, which allows the classifier to achieve better accuracy. Our experimental results show that h-LDA out-performs several dimension reduction methods such as LDA and kernel discriminant analysis, and regression approaches such as the regularized least squares and kernelized support vector regression.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics - 9th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2009, Proceedings in Applied Mathematics 133 |

Pages | 889-900 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Publication status | Published - 2009 |

Event | 9th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2009, SDM 2009 - Sparks, NV, United States Duration: 2009 Apr 30 → 2009 May 2 |

### Publication series

Name | Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics - 9th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2009, Proceedings in Applied Mathematics |
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Volume | 2 |

### Conference

Conference | 9th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining 2009, SDM 2009 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Sparks, NV |

Period | 09/4/30 → 09/5/2 |

### Bibliographical note

Copyright:Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Software
- Applied Mathematics