Hierarchical yolk-shell CNT-(NiCo)O/C microspheres prepared by one-pot spray pyrolysis as anodes in lithium-ion batteries

Se Hwan Oh, Min Su Jo, Sang Mun Jeong, Yun Chan Kang, Jung Sang Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a hierarchical yolk–shell-structured microsphere comprising a hierarchical carbon nanotube (CNT)-(NiCo)O/C yolk and an embossed hollow thin shell (hereafter denoted as CNT-(NiCo)O/C microsphere) prepared by a one-pot spray pyrolysis process for potential use as an anode in lithium-ion batteries. During spray pyrolysis, the hierarchical CNT-(NiCo)O/C yolk, whose frame is linked with CNTs, is formed by mutual binding of the CNTs and size-controlled polystyrene (PS) nanobeads and subsequent selective decomposition of these nanobeads. Further, phase separation of melted poly(vinylpyrrolidone) facilitates the formation of the hollow shell. The discharge capacity of the CNT-(NiCo)O/C microspheres after 1000 cycles at an extremely high current density of 5.0 A g−1 is 598 mA h g−1. The CNT-(NiCo)O/C microspheres show reversible discharge capacities of 886, 709, 509, and 294 mA h g−1 at current densities of 0.5, 5, 20, and 50 A g−1, respectively. The unique nanostructure of the CNT-(NiCo)O/C microspheres with high electrical conductivity promotes the transfer kinetics of electrons and Li+ ions, which consequently leads to their improved electrochemical performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-447
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) ( NRF-2018R1A4A1024691 , NRF-2017M1A2A2087577 , and NRF-2018R1D1A3B07042514 )

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • (Ni,Co)O solid solution
  • Anode materials
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Yolk-shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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