High Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells Exceeding 22% via a Photo-Assisted Two-Step Sequential Deposition

Dong Geon Lee, Dong Hoe Kim, Jae Myeong Lee, Byeong Jo Kim, Jun Young Kim, Seong Sik Shin, Hyun Suk Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


One of the most effective methods to achieve high-performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is to employ additives as crystallization agents or to passivate defects. Tri-iodide ion has been known as an efficient additive to improve the crystallinity, grain size, and morphology of perovskite films. However, the generation and control of this tri-iodide ion are challenging. Herein, an efficient method to produce tri-iodide ion in a precursor solution using a photoassisted process for application in PSCs is developed. Results suggest that the tri-iodide ion can be synthesized rapidly when formamidinium iodide (FAI) dissolved isopropyl alcohol (IPA) solution is exposed to LED light. Specifically, the photoassisted FAI–IPA solution facilitates the formation of fine perovskite films with high crystallinity, large grain size, and low trap density, thereby improving the device performance up to 22%. This study demonstrates that the photoassisted process in FAI dissolved IPA solution can be an alternative strategy to fabricate highly efficient PSCs with significantly reduced processing times.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2006718
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 24
Externally publishedYes


  • additive
  • perovskite
  • photoassisted process
  • tri-iodide ion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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