High Hydrogen Storage in Trigonal Prismatic Monomer-Based Highly Porous Aromatic Frameworks

Dae Won Kim, Yu Chen, Hyunlim Kim, Namju Kim, Young Hoon Lee, Hyunchul Oh, Yongchul G. Chung, Chang Seop Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hydrogen storage is crucial in the shift toward a carbon-neutral society, where hydrogen serves as a pivotal renewable energy source. Utilizing porous materials can provide an efficient hydrogen storage solution, reducing tank pressures to manageable levels and circumventing the energy-intensive and costly current technological infrastructure. Herein, two highly porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs), C-PAF and Si-PAF, prepared through a Yamamoto C─C coupling reaction between trigonal prismatic monomers, are reported. These PAFs exhibit large pore volumes and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller areas, 3.93 cm3 g−1 and 4857 m2 g−1 for C-PAF, and 3.80 cm3 g−1 and 6099 m2 g−1 for Si-PAF, respectively. Si-PAF exhibits a record-high gravimetric hydrogen delivery capacity of 17.01 wt% and a superior volumetric capacity of 46.5 g L−1 under pressure-temperature swing adsorption conditions (77 K, 100 bar → 160 K, 5 bar), outperforming benchmark hydrogen storage materials. By virtue of the robust C─C covalent bond, both PAFs show impressive structural stabilities in harsh environments and unprecedented long-term durability. Computational modeling methods are employed to simulate and investigate the structural and adsorption properties of the PAFs. These results demonstrate that C-PAF and Si-PAF are promising materials for efficient hydrogen storage.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • adsorbent
  • hydrogen storage
  • physisorption
  • porosity
  • porous aromatic frameworks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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