High-performance and selective semi-transparent perovskite solar cells using 3D-structured FTO

Sucheol Ju, Seung Ju Choi, Hansang Sung, Minjin Kim, Ji Won Song, In Woo Choi, Hak Beom Kim, Yimhyun Jo, Sangwook Lee, Seog Young Yoon, Dong Suk Kim, Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been in the spotlight as a promising next-generation solar cell. With the tremendous development of power conversion efficiency (PCE) over the past decades, a considerable amount of research has focused on semi-transparent perovskite solar cells for applications. However, the short-circuit current density (JSC) greatly decreases in semi-transparent PSCs with an increase in transmittance, and this results in a significant decrease in PCE. In this study, semi-transparent PSCs were fabricated by controlling the absorption layer thickness and aperture ratio using a 3D-structured FTO manufactured via processes that can work large areas (direct printing and mist-CVD). This strategy has an advantage in that the aperture ratio (transmission/entire area) can be controlled easily by adjusting pattern specification. The effect of a 3D-structured FTO enhanced the diffuse transmittance and shortened the carrier travel distance; further, it minimized the decrease in PCE because of an increase in transmittance. Our fully semi-transparent PSCs (F–PSCs) with the ITO cathode achieved a PCE of 12.0 %–14.6 %, and an average visible transmittance (AVT) of 13.4 %–17.0 %. These results demonstrate that the parameter of semi-transparent PSCs (transmittance and PCE) can be easily tailored to the application by controlling the specification of the pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119817
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Direct printing
  • Mist-chemical vapor deposition
  • Semi-transparent perovskite solar cell
  • Three-dimensional-structured fluorine doped tin oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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