High-Performance Organic Electrochemical Transistors Achieved by Optimizing Structural and Energetic Ordering of Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Polymers

Il Young Jo, Dahyun Jeong, Yina Moon, Dongchan Lee, Seungjin Lee, Jun Gyu Choi, Donghyeon Nam, Ji Hwan Kim, Jinhan Cho, Shinuk Cho, Dong Yu Kim, Hyung Ju Ahn, Bumjoon J. Kim, Myung Han Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

For optimizing steady-state performance in organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs), both molecular design and structural alignment approaches must work in tandem to minimize energetic and microstructural disorders in polymeric mixed ionic–electronic conductor films. Herein, a series of poly(diketopyrrolopyrrole)s bearing various lengths of aliphatic–glycol hybrid side chains (PDPP-mEG; m = 2–5) is developed to achieve high-performance p-type OECTs. PDPP-4EG polymer with the optimized length of side chains exhibits excellent crystallinity owing to enhanced lamellar and backbone interactions. Furthermore, the improved structural ordering in PDPP-4EG films significantly decreases trap state density and energetic disorder. Consequently, PDPP-4EG-based OECT devices produce a mobility–volumetric capacitance product ([µC*]) of 702 F V−1 cm−1 s−1 and a hole mobility of 6.49 ± 0.60 cm2 V−1 s−1. Finally, for achieving the optimal structural ordering along the OECT channel direction, a floating film transfer method is employed to reinforce the unidirectional orientation of polymer chains, leading to a substantially increased figure-of-merit [µC*] to over 800 F V−1 cm−1 s−1. The research demonstrates the importance of side chain engineering of polymeric mixed ionic–electronic conductors in conjunction with their anisotropic microstructural optimization to maximize OECT characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2307402
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • high crystallinity
  • low energetic disorder
  • mixed ionic–electronic conductors
  • organic electrochemical transistors
  • side chain engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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