We synthesized a novel fully conjugated block copolymer, P3, in which a wide-band gap donor block (P1) was connected to a narrow-band gap acceptor block (P2). As P3 contains P1 block with a wide bandgap and P2 block with a narrow bandgap, it exhibits a very wide complementary absorption. Transient photoluminescence measurement using P3 dilute solution demonstrated intramolecular charge transfer between the P1 block and the P2 block, which was not observed in a P1/P2 blend solution. A P3 thin film showed complete PL quenching because the photoinduced inter-/intramolecular charge transfer states were effectively formed. This phenomenon can play an important role in the photovoltaic properties of P3-based polymer solar cells. A single active material polymer solar cell (SAMPSC) fabricated from P3 alone exhibited a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.87% with a high open-circuit voltage of 0.93 V and a short-circuit current of 8.26 mA/cm2, demonstrating a much better performance than a binary P1-/P2-based polymer solar cell (PCE = 1.14%). This result facilitates the possible improvement of the photovoltaic performance of SAMPSCs by inducing favorable nanophase segregation between p- and n blocks. In addition, owing to the high morphological stability of the block copolymer, excellent shelf-life was observed in a P3-based SAMPSC compared with a P1/P2-based PSC.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF2015R1A2A1A05001876) and by the Key Research Institute Program (NRF20100020209). We are grateful to the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (Pohang, Korea) for allowing us to conduct the grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) measurements.
© Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society.
- charge transfer
- conjugated block copolymer
- polymer solar cells
- single active material
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science