High-Performance Silver Cathode Surface Treated with Scandia-Stabilized Zirconia Nanoparticles for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hyung Jong Choi, Manjin Kim, Ke Chean Neoh, Dong Young Jang, Hyun Joong Kim, Jong Mok Shin, Gyu Tae Kim, Joon Hyung Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


This work introduces a novel silver composite cathode with a surface coating of scandia-stabilized zirconia (ScSZ) nanoparticles for application in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The ScSZ coating is expected to maximize the triple boundary area of the Ag electrode, ScSZ electrolyte, and oxygen gas, where the oxygen reduction reaction occurs. The coating also protects the porous Ag against thermal agglomeration during fuel cell operation. The ScSZ nanoparticles are prepared by sputtering scandium-zirconium alloy followed by thermal oxidation on Ag mesh. The performance of the solid oxide fuel cells with a gadolinia-doped ceria electrolyte support is evaluated. At temperatures <500 °C, our optimized Ag-ScSZ cathode outperforms the bare Ag cathode and even the platinum cathode, which has been believed to be the best material for this purpose. The highest cell peak power with the Ag-ScSZ cathode is close to 60 mW cm−2 at 450 °C, while bare Ag and optimized Pt cathodes produce 38.3 and 49.4 mW cm−2, respectively. Long-term current measurement also confirms that the Ag-ScSZ cathode is thermally stable, with less degradation than bare Ag or Pt.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601956
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 22

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
H.J.C. and M.K. contributed equally to this work. This research was supported by the International Research & Development Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (Grant No. NRF-2014K1A3A1A47067412) and Nano·Material Technology Development Program through the NRF funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2009-0082580). The Brain Korea 21 Plus program (21A20131712520) is also acknowledged for its support. The authors acknowledge Prof. Manfred Martin and RWTH Aachen University for a fellowship within the Research Fellowships Korea program and for supporting the DFT calculation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • cathode
  • intermediate temperature
  • scandia-stabilized zirconia
  • silver
  • solid oxide fuel cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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