High-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the low- and intermediate-Framingham risk score groups: Analysis with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Sae Jeong Yang, Sungeun Kim, Hae Yoon Choi, Tae Nyun Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Ji A. Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Kyung Mook Choi

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To evaluate vascular inflammation according to high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in the low- (< 10%) and intermediate- (10%-20%) Framingham risk score (FRS) groups using 18F- fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, which reflects vascular inflammation and vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque. Methods: We measured hsCRP levels and traditional cardiovascular risk factors in 142 non-diabetic subjects without history of cardiovascular disease. To assess the vascular influence of hsCRP on each FRS category, we compared carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and vascular inflammation, which was represented as the target-to-background ratio (TBR) measured using FDG-PET/CT. Results: In both low- and intermediate-FRS categories, mean TBR values in subjects with higher hsCRP levels (≥ 2 mg/L) were significantly increased compared to those with lower hsCRP levels (< 2 mg/L) (P = 0.001, P< 0.001, respectively). However, baPWV and CIMT values did not significantly differ according to hsCRP levels in the same FRS categories. Mean TBR levels positively correlated with FRS, body mass index (BMI), whereas negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol. Multiple stepwise regression analyses showed that hsCRP, LDL-cholesterol, BMI, and insulin resistance were independently associated with mean TBR values (R2 = 0.414). Conclusions: In both intermediate and low FRS risk groups, vascular inflammation measured using FDG-PET/CT was increased in individuals with higher hsCRP levels compared to those with lower hsCRP. (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01022684).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-281
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr. K. M. Choi was supported by a Korea Science and Engineering Foundation grant funded by the Korean government (No. R01-2007-000-20546-0). Dr. K. M. Choi and S. H. Baik were supported by the Brain Korea 21 Project of the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development, Republic of Korea.


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Framingham risk score
  • High-sensitivity C-reactive protein
  • Inflammation
  • Positron emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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