We demonstrate impressive performance of photoanodes comprising ZnO nanowires grown over nickel fibers for efficient water splitting. The photoanode is substrate-free and flexible, exhibiting excellent stability (∼98%) in photocurrent density even after 1000 bending cycles. The hierarchically structured ZnO nanowires on nickel microfibers synergistically provide many accessible electrochemical sites and enhance the photocurrent density to 1.14 mA/cm2 at a voltage of 0.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The one- and two-dimensional structures of the ZnO nanowires over nickel microfibers enable an efficient charge-transport mechanism that supports high light-harvesting efficiency. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy are used to study the morphologies of the samples in detail, while X-ray diffraction confirms the metallic state of Ni and the crystallinity of ZnO.
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering