Highly Stable Pt-Based Ternary Systems for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Acidic Electrolytes

Jun Kim, Yongju Hong, Kwangyeol Lee, Jin Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


In the era of the global rise of energy consumption and the accompanying environmental issues, energy production via fuel cells plays a vital role in a clean, secure, and affordable energy future. The development of Pt-based binary alloy catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has contributed significantly to the commercial realization of fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFCs). However, the short lifetime of the Pt-based binary alloy catalyst remains a significant gap between lab-scale and real-device evaluation systems, calling for the development of catalysts that do not have stability issues. Among the various catalyst systems developed as alternatives to Pt-based binary alloy catalysts, Pt-based ternary systems with an additional element to the binary systems seem to provide the much-awaited answer toward enhanced catalyst stability. Here, this progress report focuses on fundamental challenges of industrial fuel cell applications and provides broad and balanced insights on remarkable progress to date. Finally, it presents several perspectives on ideal ternary system design of efficient and robust Pt-based electrocatalysts and guidance for future development beyond the academic level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2002049
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1


  • catalyst stability
  • core–shell
  • doping
  • fuel cells
  • oxygen reduction reaction
  • ternary alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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