Highly transparent, conducting, body-attachable metallized fibers as a flexible and stretchable film

Yong Il Kim, Seongpil An, Min Woo Kim, Hong Seok Jo, Tae Gun Kim, Mark T. Swihart, Alexander L. Yarin, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Core–shell-structured silver-electroplated nickel microfibers were fabricated via electrospinning and subsequent electroplating for applications including transparent conductive films (TCFs) and heaters. Fabrication protocol generated self-fused junctions at the intersections of overlapping micro-nanofibers. This reduced contact resistance between wires, yielding remarkably high electrical conductivity, which is highly desirable for the aforementioned applications. A very low sheet resistance of less than 0.2 Ω sq−1 with a high transmittance of over 92% was achieved in these structures. A cactus-like morphology of silver-plated microfibers, which dramatically increases surface-to-volume (S/V) ratio and should produce electric field concentration at silver nanowire tips, was also demonstrated. This unique surface morphology could be promising for energy and environmental applications that require large interfacial areas and electric field concentration, but yielded lower transmittance than smooth wires. These cactus-like microfibers were further coated with Cu and Pt to produce hierarchically-structured multimetallic microfibers. The low-resistivity transparent silver micro-nanofiber films exhibited good heating and mechanical properties, as demonstrated in bending and stretching tests. A record high temperature of 209 °C was achieved with a transparent heater based on the Ag microfibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1136
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Core-shell fibers
  • Flexible electronics
  • Silver-plated fibers
  • Transparent conducting films and heaters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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