High–performance protonic ceramic fuel cells with a PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co1.5Fe0.5O5+δ cathode with palladium–rich interface coating

Jong Seon Park, Hyung Jong Choi, Gwon Deok Han, Junmo Koo, Eun Heui Kang, Dong Hwan Kim, Kiho Bae, Joon Hyung Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This study reports on protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) that exhibit enhanced performance after the addition of palladium (Pd) interlayers at the cathode–electrode interface. The Pd interlayer is deposited by sputtering on the BaZr0.2Ce0.6Y0.1Yb0.1O3-δ (BZCYYb) electrolyte surface, followed by the inkjet printing of PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co1.5Fe0.5O5+δ (PBSCF) and sintering. The proposed method successfully has produced a Pd layer that was well integrated between the BZCYYb and PBSCF layers, with no undesired reactions or phase formation. The Pd layer is diffused along the inner surface of the porous PBSCF cathode with the desired gradient composition. In our experiment, the fuel cell power is enhanced by up to 60% compared to the untreated PCFCs. In the former, the peak power density of the optimal cell is 420 mW cm−2, while that of the untreated sample is 260 mW cm−2 at 500 °C. The long-term stability of the Pd interlayer is confirmed during cell operation. The impedance analysis has revealed that the presence of the Pd significantly enhances the current collection and reduces the polarization impedance at the cathode–electrolyte interface, especially at low temperatures. These results indicate that the proposed method is promising for the fabrication of high-performance and robust PCFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number229043
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15


  • Fuel cell
  • Metal catalyst
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Protonic ceramic fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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