Hollow nanostructured materials have attracted considerable interest as lithium ion battery electrodes because of their good electrochemical properties. In this study, we developed a general procedure for the synthesis of hollow nanostructured metal silicates via a hydrothermal process using silica nanoparticles as templates. The morphology and composition of hollow nanostructured metal silicates could be controlled by changing the metal precursor. The as-prepared hierarchical hollow nanostructures with diameters of 100-200 nm were composed of variously shaped primary particles such as hollow nanospheres, solid nanoparticles, and thin nanosheets. Furthermore, different primary nanoparticles could be combined to form hybrid hierarchical hollow nanostructures. When hollow nanostructured metal silicates were applied as anode materials for lithium ion batteries, all samples exhibited good cyclic stability during 300 cycles, as well as tunable electrochemical properties.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.
- anode material
- conversion reaction
- hollow nanostructured material
- lithium ion battery
- metal silicate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)