Hollow porous carbon nanospheres containing polar cobalt sulfide (Co9S8) nanocrystals as electrocatalytic interlayers for the reutilization of polysulfide in lithium–sulfur batteries

Su Hyun Yang, Jang Min Choi, Rakesh Saroha, Sung Woo Cho, Yun Chan Kang, Jung Sang Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypothesis: The introduction of functional interlayers for efficient anchoring of lithium polysulfides has received significant attention worldwide. Experiments: A facile wet-chemical method was adopted to obtain hollow porous carbon nanospheres (HPCNSs) impregnated with metallic and polar cobalt sulfide (Co9S8) nanocrystals (abbreviated as “Co9S8@HPCNS”). The prepared nanocrystals were employed as electrocatalytic interlayers via separator coating for the efficient capture and reutilization of polysulfide species in Li-S batteries. The HPCNSs were synthesized via the polymerization method followed by carbonization and template removal. The Co9S8 nanocrystals were impregnated inside the HPCNSs, followed by heat treatment in a reducing atmosphere. Findings: The porous structure of the CNS enables the efficient percolation of the electrolyte, in addition to accommodating unwanted volume fluctuations during redox processes. Furthermore, the metallic Co9S8 nanocrystals improve the electronic conductivity and enhance the polarity of the CNS towards the polysulfide. Correspondingly, the Li–S cells featuring Co9S8@HPCNS as electrocatalytic interlayers and regular sulfur (S) electrodes display improved electrochemical performance such as reasonable rate performance and prolonged cycling stability at different current rates (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 C). Therefore, we anticipate that the rational design strategy proposed herein will provide significant insights into the synthesis of advanced materials for various energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-44
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) , funded by the Korean government (MSIP) [grant numbers NRF-2021R1A4A2001687 and NRF-2021R1I1A3057700].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Functional interlayer
  • Hollow carbon nanosphere
  • Lithium–sulfur battery
  • Metal sulfide nanocrystal
  • Polysulfide capturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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