Hot-Casting Strategy Empowers High-Boiling Solvent-Processed Organic Solar Cells with Over 18.5% Efficiency

Chucheng Yang, Mengyun Jiang, Shanshan Wang, Bao Zhang, Peng Mao, Han Young Woo, Fujun Zhang, Jin liang Wang, Qiaoshi An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Most top-rank organic solar cells (OSCs) are manufactured by the halogenated solvent chloroform, which possesses a narrow processing window due to its low-boiling point. Herein, based on two high-boiling solvents, halogenated solvent chlorobenzene (CB) and non-halogenated green solvent ortho-xylene (OX), preparing active layers with the hot solution is put forward to enhance the performance of the OSCs. In situ test and morphological characterization clarify that the hot-casting strategy assists in the fast and synchronous molecular assembly of both donor and acceptor in the active layer, contributing to preferable donor/acceptor ratio, vertical phase separation, and molecular stacking, which is beneficial to charge generation and extraction. Based on the PM6:BO-4Cl, the hot-casting OSCs with a wide processing window achieve efficiencies of 18.03% in CB and 18.12% in OX, which are much higher than the devices processed with room temperature solution. Moreover, the hot-casting devices with PM6:BTP-eC9 deliver a remarkable fill factor of 80.31% and efficiency of 18.52% in OX, representing the record value among binary devices with green solvent. This work demonstrates a facile strategy to manipulate the molecular distribution and arrangement for boosting the efficiency of OSCs with high-boiling solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2305356
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 18

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • green solvent, high-boiling solvent, hot-casting
  • organic solar cells, vertical phase separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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