How do wound care nurses structure the subjective frame on palliative wound care? A Q-methodology approach

Ye Na Lee, Sung Ok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Palliative wound care is important for stability in terminal care. It addresses both the physical and psychological needs of patients and facilitates other aspects of terminal care. Appropriate competencies of nurses regarding palliative wound care can improve patient outcomes and raise their quality of life. The purpose of this study was to identify how wound care nurses structure the subjective frames regarding palliative wound care. Method: This study utilized Q-methodology to analyze their subjective viewpoints. Forty nurses experienced in palliative wound care were asked to completely classify 35 Q-statements into a normal distribution shape. The PQ-Method program was used to conduct principal factor analysis and varimax rotation for data analysis. Results: This study revealed 4 Q-factors of palliative wound care: “Focusing on care within the boundary of current patient demands,” “Comparing continuously the priorities on wound healing and disease care,” “Preparing and preventing from worsening via tracking care in advance,” and “Moving forward with a clear direction by confronting the declining condition.” Conclusion: We hope that the results of this study are used in the development of nursing education that reflects professional perspectives of palliative wound care, thus helping to improve nursing competencies in palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119
JournalBMC Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2019R1A2C1086122) (No. NRF-2021R1G1A1091862).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Palliative care
  • Palliative wound care
  • Q-methodology
  • Subjectivity
  • Wound care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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