An acute Achilles tendon rupture is the most common tendon rupture of the lower extremities, yet the optimal timing for an early surgical repair is unclear. To identify the optimal time for an early surgical repair with favorable results, we evaluated the isokinetic muscle strength and clinical outcomes of early surgical repairs of acute Achilles tendon ruptures performed at different time points after injury. Between January 2011 and July 2015, a total of 65 patients underwent an acute Achilles tendon rupture repair within 1 week after injury. To compare the outcomes at different time points post-injury, we divided patients into 3 groups: group 1, surgical treatment at ≤24 h; group 2, surgery at ≥24 h and ≤48 h; and group 3, surgery at ≥48 hours and ≤1 week. The isokinetic muscle strength in both ankles were measured using a Cybex dynamometer, and the Achilles tendon total rupture score, the modified Tegner scoring system, the visual analog scale was used to assess clinical outcomes. Kruskal-Wallis and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare multiple results in the 3 groups. No significant differences were found among the groups in terms of ankle isokinetic muscle strength or clinical outcome scores (P > 0.05). The complication rate was low in all groups. There were no significant differences in isokinetic muscle strength or clinical outcomes following acute Achilles tendon rupture repairs performed within 1 week after injury.
- Acute achilles tendon rupture
- Early achilles tendon repair
- Optimal surgical timing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine