How Effective is Plasmonic Enhancement of Colloidal Quantum Dots for Color-Conversion Light-Emitting Devices?

Hyun Chul Park, Isnaeni, Suhyun Gong, Yong Hoon Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Enhancing the fluorescence intensity of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) in case of color-conversion type QD light-emitting devices (LEDs) is very significant due to the large loss of QDs and their quantum yields during fabrication processes, such as patterning and spin-coating, and can therefore improve cost-effectiveness. Understanding the enhancement process is crucial for the design of metallic nanostructure substrates for enhancing the fluorescence of colloidal QDs. In this work, improved color conversion of colloidal green and red QDs coupled with aluminum (Al) and silver (Ag) nanodisk (ND) arrays designed by in-depth systematic finite-difference time domain simulations of excitation, spontaneous emission, and quantum efficiency enhancement is reported. Calculated results of the overall photoluminescence enhancement factor in the substrate of 500 × 500 µm2 size are 2.37-fold and 2.82-fold for Al ND-green QD and Ag ND-red QD structures, respectively. Experimental results are in good agreement, showing 2.26-fold and 2.66-fold enhancements for Al ND and Ag ND structures. Possible uses of plasmonics in cases such as white LED and total color conversion for possible display applications are discussed. The theoretical treatments and experiments shown in this work are a proof of principle for future studies of plasmonic enhancement of various light-emitting materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1701805
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 27
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF-2016R1A2A1A05005320) of the Korean government (MSIP) and the Climate Change Research Hub of KAIST (Grant No. N11160013).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • colloidal quantum dots
  • finite-difference time domains
  • localized surface plasmons
  • metallic nanostructures
  • plasmonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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