How experienced wound care nurses conceptualize what to do in pressure injury management

Ye Na Lee, Sung Ok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Conceptual understanding of the perceptions that wound care nurses use to determine how to manage pressure injuries may provide information for improving their pressure injury care competency. The aim of this study is to explore and describe the way wound care nurses experience and perceive pressure injury management. Methods: A qualitative, phenomenographic approach, a method designed to explore the different ways in which people comprehend a phenomenon and develop a practical knowledge-based framework, was used in this study. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection with twenty wound care nurses. All participants were female with a mean age of 38.0, mean total clinical experience of 15.2 years and mean clinical experience as wound care nurse of 7.7 years. The eight steps of qualitative data analysis for a phenomenographic study were employed to develop an understanding of participants’ experience of pressure injury management. Results: The analysis resulted in an assessment domain and an intervention domain, each containing three descriptive categories based on five identified conceptions. The categories were as follows: “comparison”, “consideration”, and “monitoring” in assessment, and “creation”, “conversation” and “judgement” in intervention. Conclusions: This study has created a framework for understanding pressure injury management based on practical knowledge. This framework of the nurses’ pressure injury care reflected the need for an awareness of a harmonious approach to patients and wounds. There is a pattern of transcending a reliance on only theoretical knowledge, and this key factor in the framework should be considered when developing education programs and tools for improving nurse pressure injury care competency and patient safety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number189
JournalBMC Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).


  • Phenomenography
  • Pressure injury
  • Wound
  • Wound care nurse education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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