Human gesture recognition using a simplified dynamic Bayesian network

Myung Cheol Roh, Seong Whan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In video-based human gesture recognition, it is very important to combine useful features and analyze the dynamic structure thereof as efficiently as possible. In this paper, we proposed a dynamic Bayesian network model that is a simplified model of dynamics at the level of hidden variables and employs observation windows of observation time slices for robust modeling and handling of noise and other variabilities. The proposed Simplified dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) was tested on a gesture database and an American sign language database. According to the experiments, the proposed DBN outperformed other methods: Conditional Random Fields (CRFs), conventional Bayesian Networks (BNs), DBNs, and Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). The proposed DBN achieved 98 % recognition accuracy in gesture recognition and 94.6 % in ASL recognition whereas the HMM and the CRF did 80 and 86 % in gesture recognition and 75.4 and 85.4 % in ASL (American Sign Language) recognition, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-568
Number of pages12
JournalMultimedia Systems
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 24

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


  • Dynamic Bayesian network
  • Gesture recognition
  • Sign language recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Media Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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