Human glans penis augmentation using injectable hyaluronic acid gel

J. J. Kim, T. I. Kwak, B. G. Jeon, J. Cheon, D. G. Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Although augmentation phalloplasty is not an established procedure, some patients still need enlargement of their penis. Current penile augmentation is girth enhancement of penile body by dermofat graft. We performed this study to identify the efficacy and the patient's satisfaction of human glans penis augmentation with injectable hyaluronic acid gel. In 100 patients of subjective small penis (Group I) and 87 patients of small glans after dermofat graft (Group II), 2cm3 of hyaluronic acid gel was injected into the glans penis, subcutaneously. At 1 y after injection, changes of glandular diameter were measured by tapeline. Patient's visual estimation of glandular size (Gr 0-4) and patient's satisfaction (Grade (Gr) 0-4) were evaluated, respectively. Any adverse reactions were also evaluated. The mean age of patients was 42.2 (30-70) y in Group I and 42.13 (28-61) y in Group II. The maximal glandular circumference was significantly increased compared to basal circumference of 9.13 ± 0.64 cm in Group I (P<0.01) and 9.49 ± 1.05 cm in Group II (P<0.01) at 1 y after injection. Net increase of maximal glandular circumference after glans augmentation was 14.93 ± 0.80 mm in Group I and 14.78 ± 0.89 mm in Group II. In patient's visual estimation, more than 50% of injected volume was maintained in 95% of Group 1 and 100% of Group II. The percentage of postoperative satisfaction (Gr 4, 5) was 77% in Group 1 and 69% in Group II. There was no abnormal reaction in area feeling, texture, and color. In most cases, initial discoloration by glandular swelling recovered to normal within 2 weeks. There were no signs of inflammation and no serious adverse reactions in all cases. These results suggest that injectable hyaluronic acid gel is a safe and effective material for augmentation of glans penis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-443
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Impotence Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Augmentation
  • Glans penis
  • Hyaluronic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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