Human leucine zipper protein promotes hepatic steatosis via induction of apolipoprotein A-IV

Minsoo Kang, Jeonghan Kim, Hyoung Tae An, Jesang Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Themolecularmechanismof stress-induced hepatic steatosis is not well known. Human leucine zipper protein (LZIP) regulates the expression of genes involved in inflammation, cellmigration, and stress response. The aim of this study was to determine the regulatory role of LZIP in stress-induced hepatic steatosis. We used a microarray analysis to identify LZIP-induced genes involved in hepatic lipid metabolism. LZIP increased the expression of apolipoprotein A-IV (APOA4) mRNA. In the presence of stress inducer, APOA4 promoter analysis was performed, and LZIP-induced lipid accumulation was monitored in mouse primary cells and human tissues. Under Golgi stress conditions, LZIP underwent proteolytic cleavage and was phosphorylated by AKT to protect against proteasome degradation. The stabilized N-terminal LZIP was translocated to the nucleus, where it directly bound to the APOA4 promoter, leading to APOA4 induction. LZIP-induced APOA4 expression resulted in increased absorption of surrounding free fatty acids. LZIP also promoted hepatic steatosis inmouse liver. Both LZIP and APOA4 were highlyexpressedinhumansteatosis samples. Our findings indicate that LZIP is anovelmodulator of APOA4 expression and hepatic lipid metabolism. LZIP might be a therapeutic target for developing treatment strategies for hepatic steatosis and relatedmetabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2548-2561
Number of pages14
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun


  • Akt signaling
  • Golgi stress
  • Lipid homeostasis
  • Phosphorylated LZIP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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