Hybrid endoluminal stapled pyloroplasty: an alternative treatment option for gastric outlet obstruction syndrome

Cristians Gonzalez, Jung Myun Kwak, Federico Davrieux, Ryohei Watanabe, Jacques Marescaux, Lee Swanstrom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Gastroparesis is a rapidly increasing problem with sometimes devastating consequences. While surgical treatments, particularly laparoscopic pyloroplasty, have recently gained popularity, they require general anesthesia, advanced skills, and can lead to leaks. Peroral pyloromyotomy is a less invasive alternative; however, this technique is technically demanding and not widely available. We describe a hybrid laparo-endoscopic collaborative approach using a novel gastric access device to allow endoluminal stapled pyloroplasty as an alternative treatment option for gastric outlet obstruction. Methods: Under general anesthesia, six pigs (mean weight 33 kg) underwent endoscopic placement of intragastric ports using a technique similar to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. A 5 mm laparoscope was used for visualization. A functional lumen imagine probe was used to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) and diameter of the pylorus before, after, and at 1 week after intervention. Pyloroplasty was performed using a 5 mm articulating laparoscopic stapler. Gastrotomies were closed by endoscopic clips, endoscopic suture, or combination. After 6–8 days, a second evaluation was performed. At the end of the protocol, all animals were euthanized. Results: Six pyloroplasties were performed. In all cases, this technique was effective in achieving significant pyloric dilatation. The median pre-pyloroplasty pyloric diameter (D) and cross-sectional area (CSA) were 8 mm (4.9–11.6 mm) and 58.6 mm 2 (19–107 mm 2 ), respectively. After the procedure, these values increased to 13.41 mm (9.8–17.6 mm) and 147.7 mm 2 (76–244 mm 2 ), respectively (p = 0.0152). No important intraoperative events were observed. Postoperatively, all animals did well, with adequate oral intake and no relevant complications. At follow-up endoscopy, all incisions were healed and the pylorus widely patent. Conclusions: Hybrid endoluminal stapled pyloroplasty is a feasible, safe, and effective alternative method for the treatment of gastric outlet obstruction syndrome.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)303-308
    Number of pages6
    JournalSurgical Endoscopy
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    • Endoscopy
    • Gastric emptying
    • Gastroparesis
    • Hybrid surgery
    • Laparo-endoscopic collaborative surgery
    • Pyloroplasty

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery


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