Hybrid Statistical Process Control Method for Water Distribution Pipe Burst Detection

Jaehyun Ahn, Donghwi Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Statistical process control (SPC) identifies any nonrandom patterns in the system output variables of a water distribution system (WDS) by comparing them to their normal historic mean and variance. While each SPC method has different performance characteristics, there has been little effort expended to develop a hybrid method that combines the different characteristics. This paper proposes a hybrid SPC method that combines a modified Western Electric Company (WECO) method and the cumulative sum (CUSUM) method. First, the original WECO method is modified to incorporate a user-defined parameter c that manipulates the tolerance for warning and control limits to fit the specific network of interest. Then, the best parameter set is identified for each of the two individual methods so that coupling them should not increase false alarms. The detection effectiveness and efficiency of the WECO, CUSUM, and hybrid methods were compared by using common data sets obtained from a hydraulic model of the Austin network. The results showed that a simple coupling of individual SPC methods with different detection characteristics can significantly improve pipe burst detection probability while reducing false alarm rates and average detection time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6019008
JournalJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Hybrid Statistical Process Control Method for Water Distribution Pipe Burst Detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this