Hydrodynamic cavitation and activated persulfate oxidation for degradation of bisphenol A: Kinetics and mechanism

Jongbok Choi, Mingcan Cui, Yonghyeon Lee, Jeonggwan Kim, Younggyu Son, Jeehyeong Khim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor and is toxic at low concentrations. Furthermore, in order to oxidize BPA at the water treatment, an economical treatment method is required. This study was the first study to apply hydrodynamic cavitation/persulfate (HC/PS) processes to degrade BPA and investigated the effects of important operating parameters, such as HC inlet pressure, PS loading, pH, temperature and other anions. The results showed that the optimal pressure of HC was 0.5 MPa and the rate constant increased as the PS load concentration increased. The contribution of [rad]OH and SO4−[rad] to BPA oxidation using HC/PS processes was 10.3% and 89.7%, respectively. The reaction rate constant decreased with increasing pH and the reaction rate constant increased with increasing temperature. The activation energy was 69.62 kJ mol−1. The effects of other anions on BPA degradation were in the following order: Cl> NO3> HCO3. Five major intermediates were formed in the HC/PS processes and they were obtained during 120 min of operation. Based on this, this study described the decomposition pathway of BPA. The kinetic study and economic evaluation of the HC/PS processes can be used as basic data for the real wastewater treatment process in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 15


  • Activation energy
  • Bisphenol A
  • Hydrodynamic cavitation/persulfate process
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Mechanism
  • Sulfate radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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