Hyperintense thyroid incidentaloma on time of flight magnetic resonance angiography

Soo Chin Kim, Inseon Ryoo, Hye Young Sun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of thyroid incidentaloma with hypersignal intensity on the time of flight magnetic resonance (TOF-MR) angiography and correlation with ultrasound (US). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 3,505 non-contrast TOF-MR angiography performed at our institution between September 2014 and May 2017. Two radiologists correlated the thyroid incidentalomas detected on TOF-MR angiography with US features that were obtained within a three-month interval between MR and US examinations in consensus. Results: The prevalence of hyperintense thyroid nodules incidentally detected by TOF-MR angiography was 1.2% (43/3,505 patients). Among these, 35 people (77.8%) underwent US examinations, and a total of 45 hyperintense thyroid nodules were detected by US studies. Of these 45 nodules, more than 70% were categorized as benign on US exams. Fine needle aspiration was performed on nine nodules according to indications recommended by the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology. All except one high-suspicion thyroid nodule were confirmed as benign (Bethesda 2) on cytologic examination. The high-suspicion nodule on US showed a nondiagnostic result (Bethesda 1). However, this nodule collapsed after aspiration of thick colloid. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that the most hyperintense thyroid nodules detected on TOF-MR angiography were benign. Therefore, if a hyperintense incidentaloma is found on TOF-MR angiography, the thyroid nodule is more likely to be benign. We believe that these findings could offer additional information for further clinical management.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number417
    JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
    Issue numberJUL
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 23

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2018 Kim, Ryoo and Sun.


    • Incidental findings
    • Incidentaloma
    • Sonography
    • Thyroid nodules
    • Time of flight magnetic resonance angiography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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