We present a novel framework for the analysis of time series from dynamical systems that alternate between different operating modes. The method simultaneously segments and identifies the dynamical modes by using predictive models. In extension to previous approaches, it allows an identification of smooth transition between successive modes. The method can be used for analysis, diagnosis, prediction, and control. In an application to EEG and respiratory data recorded from humans during afternoon naps, the obtained segmentations of the data agree with the sleep stage segmentation of a medical expert to a large extent. However, in contrast to the manual segmentation, our method does not require a priori knowledge about physiology. Moreover, it has a high temporal resolution and reveals previously unclassified details of the transitions. In particular, a parameter is found that is potentially helpful for vigilance monitoring. We expect that the method will generally be useful for the analysis of nonstationary dynamical systems, which are abundant in medicine, chemistry, biology and engineering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Computer Science