IIPP: Integrated IP paging protocol with a power save mechanism

Ved P. Kafle, Sangheon Pack, Yanghee Choi, Eiji Kamioka, Shigeki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The advent of advanced mobile/wireless systems has been facilitating the battery-powered mobile computing devices (nodes) to remain always connected to the internet. However, until now, the power-drain rate of mobile nodes is very high in comparison with the available power of portable batteries. To reduce the energy consumption of mobile nodes, we present an integrated IP paging protocol (IIPP) by integrating the IP-layer paging protocol based on Mobile IPv4 regional registration (MIPRR) with a power save mechanism. IIPP reduces the frequency of signaling messages between mobile nodes and networks. When not sending or receiving data for a certain time, mobile nodes enter power save mode (PSM), and consume very low power. We formulate analytical models and carry out simulations to evaluate the proposed IIPP. The results show that, compared to MIPRR, IIPP significantly reduces the average power consumption of the mobile node and signaling overheads in the network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-568
Number of pages16
JournalWireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • IIPP
  • Integrated IP paging
  • Mobile IPv4 regional registration
  • Performance analysis
  • Power save mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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