Protein complexes of the 28-kDa proteasome activator (PA28) family activate the proteasome and may alter proteasome cleavage specificity. Initial investigations have demonstrated a role for the IFN-γ-inducible PA28α/β complex in Ag processing. Although the noninducible and predominantly nuclear PA28γ complex has been implicated in affecting proteasome-dependent signaling pathways, such as control of the mitotic cell cycle, there is no previous evidence demonstrating a role for this structure in Ag processing. We therefore generated PA28γ-deficient mice and investigated their immune function. PA28γ-/- mice display a slight reduction In CD8+ T cell numbers and do not effectively clear a pulmonary fungal infection. However, T cell responses in two viral infection models appear normal in both magnitude and the hierarchy of antigenic epitopes recognized. We conclude that PA28γ-/- mice, like PA28α-/-/β-/- mice, are deficient in the processing of only specific Ags.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy