Improved light output of GaN-based light-emitting diodes by using AgNi reflective contacts

Se Yeon Jung, Sang Youl Lee, June O. Song, Sungho Jin, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigated the light output power of blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) fabricated with AgNi contacts as a function of the Ni content. Annealing the AgNi contacts at 400°C in air significantly improved their electrical characteristics. The AgNi samples with 10.0 wt.% Ni showed reflectance of 80.9% at 460 nm, whereas the Ag-only contacts gave 71.1%. After annealing at 400°C, the AgNi contacts exhibited better thermal stability than did the Ag-only contacts. Their current-voltage relationships showed that blue LEDs fabricated with Ag-only contacts gave a forward voltage of 3.33 V at 20 mA, whereas those fabricated with AgNi contacts with 10.0 wt.% Ni produced 3.03 V. LEDs fabricated with the AgNi contacts exhibited output power higher by 5.9% to 19.1% than those with Ag-only contacts. Based on scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy results, the improved thermal and electrical behaviors are described and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2173-2178
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (KRF-2008-313-D00593), the World Class University program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the MEST (R33-2008-000-10025-0), the Manpower Development Program for Energy & Resources of the Ministry of Knowledge and Economy (Grant No. 2008-E-AP-HM-P-16-0000), and the Industrial Technology Development Program funded by the MKE, Korea.


  • AgNi
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Ohmic contact
  • Reflectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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