A modified selective medium was developed to increase selectivity for isolation of Escherichia coli O157 from generic E. coli based on the knowledge that E. coli O157:H7 has more resistance against HCl condition than E. coli. As a preliminary experiment, four strains of E. coli O157:H7 (ATCC 35150, 43889, 43890, and 43894) were tested to determine the maximum concentration of 6N HCl (from 0 to 250 μL) added to 50 mL of MacConkey agar medium (MAC). The maximum level was 125 μL/50 mL (6N HCl/MAC), which E. coli O157:H7 strains could tolerate against the HCl concentration. After determination, comparative growth of 15 isolates of E. coli O157 and generic E. coli were evaluated on modified selective medium (HCl-MAC; with the addition of 125 μL/50 mL) and conventional MAC, respectively. All tested strains of E. coli O157 were grown on both media, whereas 9 out of 15 generic E. coli (60% of tested strains) were strongly inhibited on HCl-MAC. For selective isolation of E. coli O157 from generic E. coli, HCl-MAC has an effective potential for an implemental use. This information can extend as a baseline for use of HCl to conventional medium for successful isolation E. coli O157 from generic E. coli.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology
|Published - 2002
ASJC Scopus subject areas