Lead sulfide (PbS) quantum dots (QDs) have been researched for photovoltaic (PV) applications for decades. A large open-circuit voltage (Voc) deficit to bandgap is one of the drawbacks to overcome in PbS QD-based photovoltaics (QDPVs) compared to other photovoltaic systems. Here, we report the Voc improvement using a different Pb-precursor, PbCl2, which is known to have an better native ligand for chemical stability and photoluminescence quantum yield. We synthesized appropriate size of PbS QDs for PV applications by the Cademartiri method with modification. The PbCl2 precursors used in the Cademartiri method supply chloride ions (Cl−) for the atomic passivation. The Cl− as a native atomic ligand is substituted to iodide ions (I−) through post-synthesis ligand exchange process, and the remaining Cl− as a PbClx shell layer still exists after ligand exchange and passivates the QD surface. The Voc using PbS QDs from the Cademartiri synthesis is 20% larger than that from the Hines synthesis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Institution Program (Grant No. 2E29390) and from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (Grant No. 2019R1A2B5B02003419).
© 2019, The Korean Physical Society.
- Lead sulfide
- Open-circuit voltage
- Quantum dots
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)