In-Situ observation of the carburization of solid iron by graphite

Minsoo Shin, Soonki Min, Joonho Lee, Jin Gyun Park, Dong Joon Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The carburization of solid iron by graphite was investigated by using confocal laser scanning microscopy to understand the initial carburization reaction mechanism of solid iron by solid carbon at high temperatures. As the carburization was initiated, a liquid layer was formed at the interface and grew parallel to the interface after an incubating period for the liquid phase formation. This required incubation time decreased with an increasing temperature due to the decrease in the solubility limit of carbon in γ-Fe. A moving interface model was used to interpret the carburization and melting behavior of solid iron by solid carbon with consideration for the diffusion of carbon in both solid and liquid phases. Using the moving interface model, the diffusion coefficient of carbon in the liquid Fe-C alloys was obtained. D L (m2 /s) = 5.1 × 10-7 exp (-53.9 × 103/RT){1458 - 1623K} The rate of carburization in the solid and liquid phases was evaluated. As the liquid phase was formed, the contribution of solid phase in the carburization decreased from 9.5% at 1.3 s to 5.4% by 20 s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1047
Number of pages7
JournalMetals and Materials International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and greatly appreciated.


  • confocal laser scanning microscopy
  • diffusion
  • diffusion bonding
  • metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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