Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) are known to cause biofilm-related infections. MRSA and PA have been frequently isolated from chronically infected wounds, cystic fibrosis, chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), and from indwelling medical devices, and these bacteria co-exist; however, their interaction with each-other or with the host is not well known.In this study,we investigated MRSA and PA multi-species biofilm communities in vitro and their interaction with the host during in vivo colonization using an OM rat-model. In-vitro biofilm formation and in-vivo colonization were studied using CV-microtiter plate assay and OM rat-model respectively. The biofilms were viewed under scanning electron microscope and bacteria were enumerated using cfu counts. The differential gene expressions of rat mucosa colonized with single or multi-species of MRSA or PA were studied using RNA-sequencing of total transcriptome. In multi-species in-vitro biofilms PA partially inhibited SA growth. However, no significant inhibition of MRSA was detected during in-vivo colonization of multi-species in rat bullae. A total of 1,797 genes were significantly (p < 0.05) differentially expressed in MRSA or PA or MRSA + PA colonized rat middle ear mucosa with respect to the control. The poly-microbial colonization of MRSA and PA induced the differential expression of a significant number of genes that are involved in immune response, inflammation, signaling, development, and defense; these were not expressed with single species colonization by either MRSA or PA. Genes involved in defense, immune response, inflammatory response, and developmental process were exclusively up-regulated, and genes that are involved in nervous system signaling, development and transmission,regulation of cell growth and development, anatomical and system development, and cell differentiation were down-regulated after multi-species inoculation. These results indicate that poly-microbial colonization induces a host response that is different from that induced by single species infection.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Korean Health Technology Research and Development Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare (HI15C2835), South Korea.
© 2017 Yadav, Chae, Go, Im and Song.
- Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
- Otitis media
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases