In vivo evaluation of MMP sensitive high-molecular weight HA-based hydrogels for bone tissue engineering

Jungju Kim, In Sook Kim, Tae Hyung Cho, Ho Chul Kim, So Jeong Yoon, Jaesoon Choi, Yongdoo Park, Kyung Sun, Soon Jung Hwang

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71 Citations (Scopus)


Hyaluronic acid (170 kDa)-based hydrogel was synthesized using acrylated hyaluronic acid (HA) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) sensitive HA-based hydrogels were then prepared by conjugation with two different peptides: cell adhesion peptides containing integrin-binding domains (Arg-Gly-Asp: RGD) and a cross-linker with MMP degradable peptides to mimic the remodeling characteristics of natural extracellular matrices by cell-derived MMPs. Mechanical properties of these hydrogels were evaluated with different weight percentages (2.5 and 3.5 wt %) by measuring elastic modulus, viscous modulus, and swelling ratio. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were then cultured in MMP-sensitive or insensitive HA-based hydrogels and/or immobilized cell adhesive RGD peptides in vitro. Actin staining and image analysis proved that cells cultured in the MMP-sensitive hydrogel with RGD peptides showed extensive cell spreading and sprouting. Gene expression analysis showed that bone specific genes such as alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and osteopontin increased in MMP-sensitive hydrogels as biomolecules such as BMPs and cells were added in the gels. For in vivo calvarial defect regeneration, five different samples (MMP insensitive hydrogel, MMP sensitive hydrogel, MMP sensitive hydrogel with BMP-2, MMP sensitive hydrogel with hMSC, and MMP sensitive hydrogel with BMP-2 and hMSC) were prepared. After 4 weeks of implantation, the Masson-Trichrome staining and micro computed tomography scan results demonstrated that the MMP sensitive hydrogels with BMP-2 and hMSCs have the highest mature bone formation. The MMP sensitive HA-based hydrogel could become useful scaffolds in bone tissue engineering with improvements on tissue remodeling rates and regeneration activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-681
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number3 A
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1


  • Bone
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Hydrogel
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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