Background: Hyperthyroidism is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. However, the relationship between hyperthyroidism and myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke has not been fully elucidated; only a few studies have investigated the association of hyperthyroidism with survival after MI or stroke. Methods: We included 59,021 hyperthyroid patients and a control cohort with 1,180,420 age- and sex-matched subjects from the Korean National Health Insurance database. Blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), glucose and cholesterol levels, and smoking history were obtained during National Health screening examination. We compared the incidence of MI, stroke, and survival after cardiovascular events between subjects with hyperthyroidism and the control cohort. Results: Subjects with hyperthyroidism had higher blood pressure, fasting glucose, and smoking rate, but lower cholesterol levels and a lower obesity rate compared with the control cohort. After adjusting these differences, as well as atrial fibrillation, hyperthyroidism was associated with increased risk of MI and ischemic stroke. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for MI and ischemic stroke with hyperthyroidism was 1.16 [95% confidence interval, CI 1.03-1.30] and 1.12 [CI 1.04-1.20], respectively. In age-, sex-, and BMI-stratified analyses, an increased risk of MI and ischemic stroke remained significant in females, the older age group (≥50 years), and nonobese subjects (BMI <25 kg/m2), but not in males, the younger age group (<50 years), and obese subjects (BMI ≥25 kg/m2). The risk of hemorrhagic stroke was not different between subjects with hyperthyroidism and controls. Adjusted HRs for mortality in subjects with hyperthyroidism who developed MI, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke were 1.11 ([CI 0.86-1.43], p = 0.44), 0.89 ([CI 0.75-1.05], p = 0.16), and 1.13 ([CI 0.88-1.47], p = 0.34), respectively. Conclusions: Hyperthyroidism is associated with increased risk of MI and ischemic stroke, independent of cardiovascular risk factors. This association is prominent in subjects with age ≥50 years, in females, and in the nonobese group. Hyperthyroidism did not significantly affect the mortality secondary to cardiovascular events.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2020, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
- myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism