Variation of the chemical extractability and phytoavailability of two metallic elements (e.g., As and Pb) on amendment-treated soils was investigated. Four mine-impacted agricultural soils contaminated with both As (174–491 mg kg−1) and Pb (116–357 mg kg−1) were amended with an iron-rich sludge at the rate of 5 % (w/w). After a 4-, 8-, and 16-week incubation, the extractability of metallic elements was assessed by sequential extraction procedure (SEP; F1–F5). The control without amendment was also run. In amended soils, the labile element mass (i.e., F1 + F2) promptly decreased (15–48 % of As and 5–10 % of Pb) in 4 weeks, but the decrement was continued over 16 weeks up to 70 and 28 % for As and Pb, respectively. The labile mass decrement was quantitatively corresponded with the increment of F3 (bound to amorphous metal oxides). In plant test assessed by radish (Raphanus sativus) grown on the 16-week soils, up to 57 % of As and 28 % of Pb accumulation was suppressed and 10–43 % of growth (i.e., shoot/root elongation and fresh weight) was improved. For both the control and amended soils, element uptake by plant was well correlated with their labile soil concentrations (r2 = 0.799 and 0.499 for As and Pb, respectively). The results confirmed that the iron-rich material can effectively suppress element uptake during R. sativus seedling growth, most likely due to the chemical stabilization of metallic elements in growth medium.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was in part supported by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as the “GAIA program” (Project No. 2014-000540001) and was in part funded by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as “Climate Change Correspondence Program (Project No. 2014-001310008).”
© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
- Chemical lability
- Contaminated soils
- Phytoavailability of As and Pb
- Radish (R. sativus)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis