Influence of ball milling contamination on properties of sintered AlN substrates

Shi Yeon Kim, Dong Kyu Choi, Dong Hun Yeo, Hyo Soon Shin, Ho Gyu Yoon

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The AlN substrate was fabricated by the tape casting process, and its thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity were investigated for various ball milling times and types of milling media. The oxygen content was measured after ball milling, de-binding process, and sintering. The oxygen content after the de-binding process was 1.2–2.3 wt%, similar to that after milling. After the de-binding process, the specimens were sintered at 1850 ℃ for 3 h in nitrogen atmosphere. The thermal conductivity of the sintered specimens decreased from 158 W m−1 K−1 to 100 W m−1K−1 with increasing milling time. Simultaneously, the electrical conductivity decreased from approximately 10−7 Ω−1 cm−1 to 10−9 Ω−1 cm−1 at 500 °C when Al2O3 or ZrO2 balls were used, whereas the electrical conductivity did not decrease when Si3N4 balls were used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5349-5356
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the World Class 300 Project (R&D) (S2525575, development of ceramic plate heater for high-power EVs with controlled thermal shock) of the Small and Medium Business Administration (SMBA, Korea) .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • AlN
  • Ball milling
  • Residual oxygen
  • Tape casting
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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