Influences of extended selenization on Cu2ZnSnSe4 solar cells prepared from quaternary nanocrystal ink

Yoonjung Hwang, Bo In Park, Byung Seok Lee, Jin Young Kim, Jeung Hyun Jeong, Honggon Kim, Min Jae Ko, Bongsoo Kim, Hae Jung Son, Seung Yong Lee, Jae Seung Lee, Jong Ku Park, So Hye Cho, Doh Kwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) thin films prepared by the selenization of mechanochemically synthesized Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanocrystal films are systematically investigated as a function of the annealing time in terms of the phase purity, microstructure, composition, and device characteristics. It is shown that selenization for an extended time does not cause a noticeable amount of Sn loss or segregation of Zn-rich layers. Thus, the prolonged annealing leads to improvements (reduction) in the shunt conductance, reverse saturation current, and diode ideality factor. However, it also leads to a deterioration of the series resistance, of which influence turned out to overwhelm all of the aforementioned positive effects on the device performance. As a consequence, the CZTSe solar cell exhibits its highest efficiency (5.43%) at the shortest annealing time (10 min). Impedance spectroscopy is demonstrated to be of good use in detecting the change in the back contact of CZTSe solar cells during annealing. The impedance spectra of the CZTSe solar cells are analyzed in association with the microstructures of the back-contact electrodes, demonstrating that the increase in the series resistance is attributed to the formation of the resistive MoSe2 layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27657-27663
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 4

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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