Inhibition of adipose tissue angiogenesis prevents rebound weight gain after caloric restriction in mice fed a high-fat diet

Hye Jin Lee, Bo Yeong Jin, Mi Rae Park, Nam Hoon Kim, Kwan Sik Seo, Yong Taek Jeong, Tsutomu Wada, Jun Seok Lee, Sang Hyun Choi, Dong Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: We investigated whether modulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) vasculature regulates rebound weight gain (RWG) after caloric restriction (CR) in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Main methods: We compared changes in energy balance, hypothalamic neuropeptide gene expression, and characteristics of WAT by RT-qPCR, ELISA, immunohistochemistry, and adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction spheroid sprouting assay in obese mice fed a HFD ad libitum (HFD-AL), mice under 40 % CR for 3 or 4 weeks, mice fed HFD-AL for 3 days after CR (CRAL), and CRAL mice treated with TNP-470, an angiogenic inhibitor. Key findings: WAT angiogenic genes were expressed at low levels, but WAT vascular density was maintained in the CR group compared to that in the HFD-AL group. The CRAL group showed RWG, fat regain, and hyperphagia with higher expression of angiogenic genes and reduced pericyte coverage of the endothelium in WAT on day 3 after CR compared to the CR group, indicating rapidly increased angiogenic activity after CR. Administration of TNP-470 suppressed RWG, fat regain, and hyperphagia only after CR compared to the CRAL group. Changes in circulating leptin levels and hypothalamic neuropeptide gene expression were correlated with changes in weight and fat mass, suggesting that TNP-470 suppressed hyperphagia independently of the hypothalamic melanocortin system. Additionally, TNP-470 increased gene expression related to thermogenesis, fuel utilization, and browning in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and WAT, indicating TNP-470-induced increase in thermogenesis. Significance: Modulation of the WAT vasculature attenuates RWG after CR by suppressing hyperphagia and increasing BAT thermogenesis and WAT browning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122101
JournalLife Sciences
Volume332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue vasculature
  • Angiogenesis
  • Caloric restriction
  • Obesity
  • TNP-470
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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