Injection strategy for effective bacterial delivery in bioaugmentation scheme by controlling ionic strength and pore-water velocity

Eunjie Kwak, Jae Hyun Kim, Jae Woo Choi, Soonjae Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For the in-situ remediation of the contaminated subsurface environment, the injection of nutrients and microorganisms changes chemical and physical conditions, which control the delivery and immobilization of microorganisms. We investigated the injection strategy for effective bacterial delivery in a bioaugmentation scheme by controlling ionic strength (IS) and pore-water velocity (v). A set of bacterial transport tests was conducted using the saturated sand column to mimic the saturated subsurface environment. The effectiveness of the injection strategies was evaluated by applying solutions with different ionic strengths into the sand column with different pore-water velocities. The deposition and delivery of bacteria through the sand column were analyzed using the first-order deposition model. The deposition and delivery of bacteria injected by various strategies were numerically simulated considering the variable deposition rate. The breakthrough curves from column experiments revealed that the bacterial deposition on the sand surface was increased by an increase in the ionic strength and by a decrease in the pore-water velocities. The rates of bacterial deposition (k1) on sand could be determined as a function of ionic strength and pore-water velocity, and it was applicable to simulate the delivery of bacteria under dynamic groundwater conditions. The numerical case study considering various injection strategies showed that the nutrient concentration controlled the bacterial delivery to the target area more significantly than the injection flow rate. Injection of bacterial solution with lower nutrient concentration could be increased the deposited bacterial concentration at the target point (Stp) by 6.2–7.1 times higher. Short pulse injection with a high injection rate decreased Stp by 67–78%. The efficiency of bacterial delivery (Ed) could be increased three times higher by lowering nutrient concentration in the injection solution. The process of evaluating the efficiency of bacterial delivery could be a prominent approach to determining the injection strategy for in-situ remediation considering variable conditions of a contaminated site.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116971
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume328
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by Ministry if Science and ICT, South Korea ( NRF-2022R1A2C1093405 ).; and by Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) funded by Ministry of Environment , South Korea ( ARQ20210101728001 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Bacterial delivery
  • Bioaugmentation
  • Deposition
  • Injection strategy
  • Ionic strength
  • Pore-water velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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