The synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds via short-lived intermediates in a microreactor is attractive, because of the fast flow and high throughput. Additionally, intermediates can be utilized sequentially to efficiently build up a library in a short time. Here we present an integrated microfluidic synthesis of biologically active thioquinazolinone libraries. Generation of o-lithiophenyl isothiocyanate and subsequent reaction with aryl isocyanate is optimized by controlling the residence time in the microreactor to 16 ms at room temperature. Various S-benzylic thioquinazolinone derivatives are synthesized within 10 s in high yields (75-98%) at room temperature. These three-step reactions involve two organolithium intermediates, an isothiocyanate-functionalized aryllithium intermediate, and a subsequent lithium thiolate intermediate. We also demonstrate the gram-scale synthesis of a multifunctionalized thioquinazolinone in the microfluidic device with a high yield (91%) and productivity (1.25 g in 5 min).
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , Weinheim.
- Biologically active compounds
- Organolithium compounds
- Reactive intermediates
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry