Washlands in river engineering have attracted attention as an alternative flood control facility and the promotion of biodiversity in a watershed. This article introduces . an integrated washland optimization model that is developed to evaluate flood mitigation alternatives by installation of washlands in a large watershed. This model is aimed at encouraging collaboration between channels and basin storage for burden-sharing in the whole basin. The model's effectiveness in managing flood control is evaluated using a linkage between the optimization algorithm and Unsteady NETwork program (UNET) for hydraulic routing process and flood decrement computation in basin network. For optimal scheduling of the channel and washland capacity, two objective functions are defined: maximization of the freeboard in the channel, and minimization of the washland storage area. The multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA) based on a rank-based fitness assign method is used for optimization of these two objectives. The results indicate the optimal location of the washlands, and thus enable the precise evaluation of the freeboard increments by hydraulic routing process according to the pareto-optimal solutions in the basin-wide channel.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the 2006 Core Construction Technology Development Project ( 06KSHS-B01 ) through ECORIVER21 Research Center in MLTM/KICTEP of KOREA and supported by a grant [ NEMA-NH-2011-42 ] from the Natural Hazard Mitigation Research Group , National Emergency Management Agency of Korea.
- Flood mitigation
- Unsteady flow analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Water Science and Technology
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law